The Cash Bail Crisis in Allegheny County

ACLU of Pennsylvania
3 min readNov 8, 2019
Photo credit: Daniel Schwen

by Danitra Sherman

When we started the Campaign for Smart Justice a few years back, we knew that a cornerstone of the work to reduce incarceration by half and to challenge racism in the criminal legal system would be a vast reduction of the use of cash bail and pretrial detention.

Pretrial detention — the practice of incarcerating a person before they have been convicted of a crime — has devastating consequences and, without exception, disproportionately impacts those with lower incomes and people of color. When someone is locked up pretrial, they can lose their job, their housing, their car, or worse in a matter of days or weeks.

Jails are often deadly, especially for people in pretrial detention. Nationwide, three-quarters of jail deaths occur among people in pretrial detention, and more than one-third of deaths occur within seven days of incarceration. Nationally, 82 percent of all jail suicides occur among people in “unconvicted” status. The numbers are harrowing, but the countless individual stories, like that of Kalief Browder, truly drive home the barbarity of this broken system.

But the reality is, this broken system only exists for those who cannot buy their way out of it. For wealthier individuals who can afford to pay cash bail, their experience in the criminal legal system will be vastly different from those who cannot afford cash bail and end up in pretrial detention as a result.

Pennsylvania, the state with the highest incarceration rate in the Northeast, is no exception when it comes to cash bail and pretrial detention driving the mass incarceration crisis across the commonwealth. That’s why we’ve been investigating where the use of cash bail and pretrial detention has been particularly problematic and working to challenge and put an end to those practices, wherever possible.

Our new report, Punishing Poverty: Cash Bail in Allegheny County, is an analysis of how cash bail drives an epidemic of pretrial detention in Allegheny County.

The findings in the report were disturbing. Despite talk of reform from a number of elected officials and other decision-makers, our analysis found that cash bail was still being set in more than a quarter of initial bail assignments. Particularly shocking was…

ACLU of Pennsylvania

We are the ACLU’s Pennsylvania affiliate, defending the Constitution and the Bill of Rights through litigation, advocacy, and community education and outreach.